Academic crowdfunding platform "academist"
JP | EN

Treat "cystic fibrosis" with nano machine!

Profile
Wenqian Yang
iconm / Graduate student
Pledged: 435,220 JPY
Target Amount: 400,000 JPY
Funded
108 %
Supporters
49
Days left
Closed
Support this project

Reached the funding target!

Profile

Comment from academist staff
Graduate student's challenge for radical treatment of rare diseases

Cystic fibrosis is a disease which occurs at a rate of 1 in 600,000 people in Japan. When it comes to Cystic fibrosis, viscous secretions are excessively secreted to major organs throughout the body such as the lungs and pancreas, resulting in dyspnea, digestive disorders in patients. At this stage there is no drug effective for radical treatment, and it has been classified as a designated intractable disease in Japan. Ms. Wenqian Yang tackled this difficult issue with the belief “Even rare diseases are worth researching as long as the patient is there”.

Rshibato2 min

Ryosuke Shibato

What is Gene Therapy?

The human body is comprised of over 60 trillion cells which are controlled by genes: subunits of DNA located in the cell nucleus that code for all of the information and programming of a cell. The DNA carries the genetic blueprint used to make all of the proteins that the cell requires. Every gene contains a particular set of instructions which codes for a specific protein. If the sequence of DNA is altered, abnormal proteins are produced. Gene therapy utilizes nucleic acids such as DNA or RNA as drugs to treat diseases by genes disruption, insertion or correction in order to modulate diseases caused by incorrect gene sequences. This strategy allows for treatment of diseases that cannot be treated with conventional small molecule drugs or biologics, such as protein or antibody therapy.

Enhanced gene insertion into cells by nanomedicine

Gene therapies using genes, aptamers, and antisense oligonucleotides have been showing promising results in the laboratory. However, full translation of such therapies into the clinic requires a formulation that can achieve efficient gene modification with high safety and minimal side effects. Unfortunately, nucleic acids are both highly inefficient and extremely immunogenic when administered alone, which significantly limits therapeutic applications. The human body has evolved to be highly resistant to gene modification, as this is the primary method of viral replication. Thus, direct injection of genetic material into the blood stream has nearly no effect, as the genes will be rapidly destroyed by nucleases or circulating immune cells. Moreover, due to the small size of the nucleic acids, they are easily excreted as urine from the kidneys, which in turn means that nucleic acid medicines must be delivered to the cells directly to evade kidney excretion. Therefore, the nanomedicine was developed; by covering the nucleic acid drug with a polymer, the size of the drug is increased, so the nucleic acid drug can be carried close to the target cells without being excreted as urine from the kidney.

Figure 1

Enhancing nanocarrier stability and efficiency

Although our current polymeric nanocarriers have enhanced gene delivery properties, after nanomedicines were administered in vivo, there are many macromolecules present in the body which may destroy nanomedicine, they may be broken. Furthermore, when the unbroken nanomedicines reach near the target cell, it can easily be taken up by an acidic container endosome before playing its role and can be digested by a lysosome. Thus, to overcome the bottlenecks of nucleic acid therapies, nanomedicines should be designed to evade recognition as a foreign body by living organisms, and also avoid being digested by an endosome and a lysosome.

Fig2 new

Predicting stability and efficiency by simulation

To overcome the bottlenecks of nucleic acid therapies, we are currently introducing functional amino acids into our polymeric nanocarrier to enhance function and stability, including the ability to escape cellular destruction in the endosome, as well as reversibly crosslinking the nanocarrier to enhance stability in circulation while allowing for a stimuli responsive release of the gene into the cell. As amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, the addition of amino acids into our nanocarrier is not expected to have any increase in toxicity or adverse effects. As there are 100 amino acids to choose from, some amino acids have stronger interaction with nucleic acids and some of them have better endosome escape stability, so molecular dynamic simulations are being carried out to provide an exhaustive exploration at the atomic level.

Fig4

Why we need your support

We would like to apply our gene therapy to treat the genetic disease cystic fibrosis (CF). Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease which occurs in roughly 1 in 600,000 Japanese citizens. There are no effective drugs for treatment of CF, and it is classified as a rare disease by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare of Japan. As the exact cause of CF is known to be a mutation of the CFTR gene, we believe that genetic therapy to suppress the expression of the mutant gene can be an effective treatment that could enhance the quality of life for all CF patients. Our novel polymeric nanocarrier for genetic material is a promising design strategy for treating CF, and we hope that you can join us in our goal to treat CF.
Thank you for your support.

Support
Profile

Profile

Wenqian Yang

Project timeline

Date Plans
June 2019 Challenge to crowdfunding
August 2019 Start experiment
December 2019 Patent application
March 2020 Article writing

Pledge Rewards

1,000 JPY (Tax not included)
Featured: Report about my research(by PDF)
Report about my research(by PDF)
1000

I send you a report about my research by PDF.

20 supporters are supporting with this reward. (Non quantity limit)

5,000 JPY (Tax not included)
Featured: Name posted on iCONM official site
Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)
5000

We post your name on the official HP of iCONM.

12 supporters are supporting with this reward. (Non quantity limit)

10,000 JPY (Tax not included)
Featured: Invite to science cafe
Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)
10000

We invite you to original science cafe held in iCONM.

13 supporters are supporting with this reward. (Non quantity limit)

30,000 JPY (Tax not included)
Featured: Invite to Lab-tour
Invite to Lab-tour / Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)
30000

We invite you to Lab-tour.

1 supporters are supporting with this reward. (Limited to 5)

50,000 JPY (Tax not included)
Featured: Name posted on the paper ackonwledgement
Name posted on the paper ackonwledgement / Invite to Lab-tour / Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)
50000

We will post your name on the paper acknowledgement. It may take some time, but I am glad if you can support my research in the long run.

3 supporters are supporting with this reward. (Limited to 3)

Supporters will be charged the funding amount only if the project reaches the funding goal (JPY 400,000) before 2019年08月26日 19時00分 (JST: GMT+9).
Payment options
Credit cards (VISA, Mastercard) are available
Available cards
Bank transfer

Please contact us if you'd like to pay by bank transfer.

Securities

SSL encryption communication is used in this Web site, and the informations filled out are safely transmitted.

1,000 JPY (tax excluded)

Report about my research(by PDF)

1000

20 supporters back
(Non quantity limit)

5,000 JPY (tax excluded)

Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)

5000

12 supporters back
(Non quantity limit)

10,000 JPY (tax excluded)

Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)

10000

13 supporters back
(Non quantity limit)

30,000 JPY (tax excluded)

Invite to Lab-tour / Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)

30000

1 supporters back
(Limited to 5)

50,000 JPY (tax excluded)

Name posted on the paper ackonwledgement / Invite to Lab-tour / Invite to science cafe / Name posted on iCONM official site / Report about my research(by PDF)

50000

3 supporters back
(Limited to 3)

Featured projects

Copyright © academist, Inc. All rights Reserved.